Your dental provider takes tooth extractions very seriously and will never advise you have this procedure done unless your dental health will be improved. Third molars (wisdom teeth) usually erupt late in the teen years, and very often, the lack of jaw space can impact wisdom teeth coming in. If this should occur, oral surgery may be recommended to have teeth removed.
Third molars are the last teeth to erupt. There are four wisdom teeth located at the back on both the upper and lower arches. Situations are different for every patient so your provider will address concerns regarding your own dental health and the presence of third molars.
Considerations include how wisdom teeth may interfere with orthodontic treatment; whether wisdom teeth are impacted or semi impacted and health and age of the patient. Your oral surgeon evaluates each patient and plans the procedure carefully using the correct instruments based on the location of teeth and roots.
Third molars may remain symptom free for some individuals, but for many patients, leaving wisdom teeth in place can result in multiple complications from pain to infection. The incidence of periodontal disease and decay in second molars is increased (these are the teeth located next to third molars). And reports of TMJ (temporomandibular joint) symptoms like jaw, neck, and head pain are plentiful with patients that have retained wisdom teeth.
Impacted or semi-impacted third molars require surgical removal. Your dentist will typically refer you to an oral surgeon to perform your tooth extraction.
Following a consultation with the oral surgeon, a date and time will be determined for surgical extraction. On procedure day, the patient will be administered anesthetic (usually IV conscious sedation). Teeth and roots are extracted, and sutures are used to close the flap created to remove teeth.
The patient can anticipate minor discomfort and possibly bruising and/or swelling following extraction. Pain medication may be prescribed to control discomfort. The patient should return home and rest for at least the remainder of surgery day. This will help limit bleeding; patient may be somewhat groggy as well from anesthetic.
When healed, the problems associated with wisdom teeth are no longer present. Overcrowding, infection, jaw discomfort, and sores from third molars dissipate.
You can rely on our team for guidance regarding wisdom teeth removal, so call Austin Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery today.