Many people suffer from gum disease without realizing the impact this can have on their lives. Gum disease is not only one of the main causes of tooth loss, it also impacts your overall health. Gum disease has been linked with conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and stroke in numerous studies. Therefore it is very important that if you think you might be suffering from gum disease to see a specialist about this immediately.
Following symptoms indicate possible gum disease:
- Persistent bad breath
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Bleeding gums while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Loose or separating teeth
- Receding gums
Sometimes symptoms of gum disease are not very noticeably, especially in early stages. Regular checkups with your dentist will help catch gum disease in its early stages.
Gum disease is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows bacteria in plaque to remain on the teeth and infect the gums. Some other factors can contribute to the development of gum disease such as poor nutrition, smoking, certain medications, and hormonal changes such as those caused by menopause.
Treatment options for gum disease depend on the severity of the gum disease. If still in the early stages, you can improve the health of your gums with good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco products, and regular visits to your dentist. If this still doesn’t cure your gum disease, your dentist may recommend surgical treatment.