The following are a few of the most common factors that may contribute to jaw bone deterioration and loss, thereby necessitating the need to restore shape and function to the jaw with a bone graft:
- Tooth Extractions — Oftentimes, when a permanent tooth is removed and not replaced, bone stimulation ceases at the site of the missing tooth, causing this particular portion of the bone to resorb.
- Facial Trauma or Injury — When teeth are knocked out or broken off below the gum line due to facial trauma and injury, there is nothing left to promote bone stimulation.
- Gum Disease — Gum (periodontal) disease is an infection that affects the tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease has often been linked to the potential for resorption of the surrounding area of bone in the infected area.
Regardless of the cause, healthy jaw bone structures are critical for tooth retention and good oral health, in addition to aesthetic concerns. Fortunately, with the development of advanced techniques over the years, we now have the ability to grow bone where it is needed, allowing us to replace missing teeth with dental implants, even for patients with significant bone loss, ultimately providing patients with a healthier, more beautiful smile.