Dental implants offer a tooth replacement option that typically outperforms other appliances in terms of stability and durability. However, in order to get the maximum benefits from dental implants, it’s important for the patient to have adequate bone at the implant site. If extensive bone loss has occurred prior to implant placement, bone grafting may be necessary.
This circumstance is common among patients who have delayed getting dental implants for some time and have lost jawbone material as a consequence of tooth loss. Some patients with congenital defects that leave them with insufficient bone in the area may also need a bone graft.
The process of osseointegration, in which the surrounding bone forms a bond with the dental implant, is the keystone of the devices’ longevity. For long-term success with dental implants, it is essential for these patients to have adequate bone material at the implant site.
However, in order to get the maximum benefits from dental implants, it’s important for the patient to have adequate bone at the implant site.
Therefore, patients who have already experienced extensive bone loss or those who don’t have enough bone to begin with may have an increased risk of implant failure, and the oral surgeon may not be able to place dental implants immediately in such cases.
Bone grafting can help these patients still be eligible for this treatment by giving them supplemental bone material at the implant site. The bone may be removed from another site in the body, such as the hip or chin, and inserted at the implant site.
Other sources of donor bone include cadavers and synthetic bone materials.
Bone Graft Recovery Time and Other Causes
The recovery time can depend on the amount of damage and number of teeth missing. If only one tooth is missing, a patient typically has to recover for a few weeks before the dental implant process can begin. If there are multiple teeth missing and there is significant bone loss or damage, the recovery process will be extended, due to the amount of bone that has to be regenerated. After the recovery process, an oral surgeon can begin the dental implant process and the patient will be well on their way to restoring their smile.
Though the need for bone grafting is commonly associated with patients who have waited too long of a time period before addressing their lost tooth, there are other causes to bone deterioration that can call for the bone grafting procedure. For example, advanced gum disease can cause bone loss or damage. The infection that forms around teeth and gums can lead to bone deterioration or even tooth loss over time. If you are experiencing any pain, discomfort or notice any difference in facial appearance, it is best to contact an oral surgeon immediately. You may be in need of bone grafting surgery, as well.
If you have any questions regarding bone grafting or the dental implant procedure, please feel free to contact Austin Oral Surgery today!