Often times after serious dental corrective processes like replacements and braces, there is still an offset alignment between teeth that keeps opposing teeth from meeting up as best they can. This misalignment of your top and bottom teeth is known as ‘Malocclusion’ and is a surprisingly common occurrence. However, sometimes it can be a bit of an issue and requires a corrective surgery performed on the jaw to fix the issue.
There are two major classifications of malocclusion:
- Dental Malocclusion
- Skeletal Malocclusion
The dental malocclusion is the usual incorrectness in positioning of teeth and is what braces and other corrective procedures attempt to address. A skeletal malocclusion is when the issue involving tooth alignment resides in an improper positioning or size and shape of a patient’s jaw bone. While most cases of this issue are accompanied by virtually no real difficulties or discomforts, there are cases where the misalignment can cause bigger problems and call for a corrective surgery.
First step in correcting a skeletal jaw issue is identifying the issue of the malocclusion. These are usually known to most people as an ‘overbite’ or ‘underbite’, commonly referred to in the dental community as an overjet or a negative overjet. A clearly visible beacon for common jaw alignment issues is the angle and distance between features when viewing a patient’s profile view. This view can clearly outline when a patient’s jaws does not align. To fix these issues, orthognathic surgery (corrective jaw surgery) would be required to re-set and properly align and heal the jaw so that many of the problems associated with malocclusion (such as chewing, speech deficits, and chronic jaw pain) can be resolved.
Whether a malocclusion or jaw disorder was brought on by genetics or an external environmental factor, such as excessive thumb sucking or severe facial trauma, our Oral and Maxillofacial team of surgeons can help identify and correct your jaw alignment. Contact Austin Oral Surgery today to set up a consultation.